English interjections: Go to blazes! (sorry ;) by the way)

Blazes can be used in place of hell in expressions, but it is a little dated now. Here some examples:

  • Go to blazes!  (go to hell!)

Example: “I don’t care what you think; you can go to blazes!”

  • What the blazes?, or “What in blazes?”  (what a hell? / What the hell?)


Besides,  a blaze is a bright flame or fire, or a very bright glow of light or color. Figuratively, a sudden outburst of passion or fury can also be called a blaze. As a verb, to blaze means ‘to burn or shine brightly, like a flame’ or ‘to flare suddenly with emotion.’

In addition, a blaze is a mark made on a tree to indicate a path or boundary and the verb to blaze mans ‘to mark with blazes’ and also ‘to lead the way.’

blaze is also a white stripe down the front of an animal’s face, especially a horse.



Example sentences

  • When the travelers entered the inn, they were met with the welcoming blaze of a fire in the hearth.
  • At this time of year, the garden is a blaze of different colors.
  • In a blaze of anger, Joe told his colleagues exactly what he thought of them.
  • The sun blazed in the blue sky.
  • «What makes you think you’re better than anyone else,» Jane blazed at Paul.
  • Blazes on the trees show the path to follow.
  • The organizers blazed the trail for the hikers to walk.
  • Clara’s research has blazed the way for climate change solutions.

Thanks to WordReference for the information.

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English interjections: hoot!

This are the usual meanings of hoot:

  • To hoot means ‘to cry or shout’, especially in a mocking way.
  • Talking about owls, it means ‘to cry’ and it can also be used if anyone or anything makes a similar sound to an owl’s cry.
  • In British English, it also means ‘to sound the horn of a motor vehicle.’
  • As a noun, the cry of an owl or any similar sound is a hoot and so is a shout, especially if it’s a mocking shout.
  • As a slang term, a funny person or situation can also be a hoot, although this sense is now dated.


Example sentences

  • The crowd hooted at the politician’s extravagant claims.
  • An owl hooted somewhere in the darkness.
  • Angry at the delay, drivers were hooting furiously.
  • I heard the hoot of an owl.
  • The unsuccessful comedian left the stage to the sound of the audience’s hoots.
  • We should invite Davina to the party; she’s always such a hoot.

It can be used as an idiom:

  • I don’t care a hoot / I don’t care two hoots.

We could translate this idiom into Spanish:

  • No me importa un pepino/comino/pimiento…

But besides theese meanings, in the dialects of Scotland and Northern England, hoot can be used as an interjection, expressing impatience or dissatisfaction and preceding a disagreeing or contradictory statement:

  • Hoot! I prefer going to the cinema instead of whatching the movie at home


More information:






English interjections: crap!

 Crap is used as an interjection when something goes wrong.


Colloquially, and somewhat vulgarly, crap means ‘excrement’ or ‘the act of defecation,’ and ‘junk’ or ‘litter’ (a word that describes paper, cans, or general garbage that people throw).

People walking past litter on the street


  • «Oh crap!» Mary exclaimed, as the plate hit the floor and shattered.
  • Joe stepped in some crap on the sidewalk.
  • The cat’s taken another crap in the garden.
  • Irene told the teenagers to tidy up; she was sick of them leaving crap all over the house.

Also very colloquially, crap can mean ‘nonsense’ or ‘a lie’.

  • I never said that and you know it! You’re talking crap.

As a verb, it means ‘to defecate.’

  • If your dog craps on the sidewalk, you should pick it up and put it in a bin.

Craps, always with the “s” on the end, is also a dice game where players gamble on the outcome of the roll.

  • There were several people shooting craps in the casino.

Crap is also an adjective meaning ‘rubbish, no good,’

  • That film was crap.
  • I’m crap at maths.

It is used more often in the UK. In US English, the related adjective crappy is often used instead (you can also use crappy in UK English).


Words often used with crap

cut the crap: stop talking nonsense, get to the point.

  • OK, cut the crap; what have you really come to see me about?

crap out (US): ruin, make a mess of.

  • I need to go to the laundromat tomorrow. The washing machine crapped out last week.

beat the crap out of someone: beat up severely.

  • That boxer thought he would win the fight easily, but his opponent beat the crap out of him.

Thanks to WordReference. See more information here.

Almost onomatopeias

They are nouns or verbs, but I think they are close to the onomatopeias, because of the sound and the action they represent.

Puff                   Hash                   Dash


is a short blast of air or smoke, as well as the sound made when giving off a puff, and the act of inhaling and exhaling on a cigarette or pipe.

  • A puff of wind blew the papers off the table.
  • A single puff of smoke came out of the chimney.
  • Can I have a puff on your cigarette?

It is also a ball of choux pastry baked and filled with something sweet. To puff means ‘to blow with a short blast,’ as wind sometimes does, ‘to give or let out in a puff,’ and ‘to move with a puff.’

  • We had coffee and cream puffs.
  • Winston was puffing on his cigar.
  • The steam train puffed into the station.
  • Jim puffed the cushions on the couch.

See more information here.


In cooking, hash is a dish of cooked meat and potatoes cut up into small pieces and browned together.

  • We’re having hash for dinner tonight.

It is also a synonym for mess or jumble and it also refers to the reworking of old material used for a new purpose.

  • The detective had to sift through a hash of information in his attempts to solve the crime.
  • The author’s book was a hash of various articles she had written and conference papers she had given over the previous year.

As a verb, to hash means ‘to chop into small pieces,’ ‘to discuss something thoroughly,’ usually with “over,” and, in US English, “to mess something up.”

  • Rob is busy hashing the meat for tonight’s meal.
  • We spent the afternoon hashing over our plans for the following week.
  • The actor hashed his lines.

See more information here.


To dash means ‘to strike or smash violently’ or ‘to break into pieces by striking or smashing,’ ‘to throw violently,’ and, when we’re taking about paint or anything similar, ‘to apply roughly.’

  • As the storm intensified, waves dashed the shore.
  • The wind dashed the fence to pieces.
  • In a fury, Chloe dashed the wine glass against the wall.
  • The artist dashed great splashes of color onto the canvas.

More generally, it also means ‘to ruin or destroy’ and ‘to move with great speed.’

  • The accident dashed Alex’s hopes of becoming a professional soccer player.
  • It was raining hard, so we dashed from the car to the restaurant.

As a noun, a dash is a small quantity of something, a sudden movement, and also a short race.

  • Add a dash of soy sauce to the mixture.
  • The cat made a dash across the road.

See more information here.

English interjections: rats!


As the interjection explained on my last post, Oh flip!, this one, rats!, is also a mild expression of annoyance, though this can sound dated now.

It isn’t at all rude and you can say it in front of anyone. For example, you might say:

«Rats! I’ve missed my bus.»

Words often used with rat

  • smell a rat: think something is wrong, become suspicious. Example: «The kids all swore they hadn’t done anything wrong, but they weren’t behaving normally and their mom smelled a rat.»
  • not give a rat’s ass (mainly US, slang): no care at all. Example: «I don’t give a rat’s ass what you think. I’m doing it anyway!»
  • like a rat up a drainpipe: very quickly. Example: «When the prisoner was released and they opened the gate to let him out, he was gone like a rat up a drainpipe.»
  • like rats leaving a sinking ship: said about people deserting something that seems to be failing. Example: «After the poor profits were announced, people started deserting the firm like rats leaving a sinking ship.

Thanks to Wordreference, Word of the Day.

More about rats…

When there are rats in some place, Scottish custom tells that you can make a “rat satire,” a song that is made up at the moment and sung to the rats to encourage them to leave and go elsewhere where there is food.
Diana Gabaldon includes this part of the Scottish tradition on her books series, Outlander. And  also on the TV series from Starz channel. See:

«Ye rats, ye are too many,
If ye would dine in plenty,
Ye mun go, ye mun go.
Go to Campbell’s garden,
Where nae cat stands warden,
And the kate, it grows green.
Go and fill your bellies,
Dinna stay and gnaw my wellies-
Go, ye rats, go!»

Traducción de Carmen Bordeu:

Vosotras, ratas, sois demasiadas,
si queréis cenar en abundancia,
debéis iros, debéis iros.
Id al jardín de los Campbell,
donde ningún gato monta guardia
y la col crece y madura.
Id y llenad vuestras panzas,
no sigáis royendo mis bienes
¡Iros, ratas, iros ya!


English interjections: oh flip!


In UK English, flip can be a mild interjection, used to show annoyance with something. For example, someone might say:

«Oh flip! It’s my cousin’s birthday today and I forgot to send a card!»


To flip means ‘to turn something over by tossing it in the air’ or ‘to move or turn something on with a sudden stroke.’ It also means ‘to turn rapidly,’ when talking about pages, or, when used with through, ‘to read quickly.’
Informally, flip has many meanings, such as ‘to react with great shock’ and ‘to become very excited or enthusiastic’ about someone or something, usually followed by the preposition over. As a noun, a flip is a somersault in the air, as well as an instance of flipping.


Example sentences
Roger flipped the burgers on the barbecue to cook the other side.
Linda flipped the switch and all the lights came on.
John wasn’t really reading the book, he was just flipping the pages.
The boss always flips through the reports, looking for the important points.
Ellen’s going to flip when we tell her the news!
Teenagers everywhere have flipped over this new band.
The gymnast performed a perfect flip.

Again, in UK English, you can also use the related adjective «flipping» to describe something that is annoying you. Example: «This flipping computer keeps crashing and I really need to get my work finished!» It really is a very mild word that is unlikely to cause offense to anyone.

Multi-word forms
flip out: to lose control, especially to become very angry or very excited. Example: «Adam’s parents flipped out when he told them he’d crashed their car.» «My parents are going to flip out when I tell them I got the highest score on the test.»
flip-flop: This can be a verb, meaning to move from one side to another. Example: «Sometimes politicians flip-flop on issues if they think it will get them more votes.»
As a noun, a flip-flop refers to such a move from one thing to another. It is also a usually waterproof, backless sandal with a strap between the toes that is often worn at the beach or pool. In the US we can also call these thongs or thong sandals.
Additional information
A flip is also a mixed drink made with liquor or wine, sugar, and egg, topped with powdered nutmeg and served hot or cold. In the 18th century, it used to be a drink made with beer or ale mixed with rum or other liquor, sweetened and served hot.


Other forms:
flippant (adjective), flipper (noun)
To flip, meaning to turn something over, was first used in the late 16th century. It’s thought to be either a contraction of fillip or a variation of flap; in either case, all three words probably came from the sound something makes when it is turned over quickly in the air. As a noun, flip first appeared in the late 17th century, to describe a somersault where men put first their hands and then their feet on the floor. It was part of a dance. Soon this meaning was widened to anything that could be turned quickly in the air.
 Thanks to WordReference

English onomatopeias: bark! Yap! Yip!

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A bark is the sharp sound made by a dog, wolf, or fox and, by extension, any sharp sound similar to this, especially when someone is coughing or laughing. It is also used to describe the sound of a gun explosion and, figuratively, a bark is something said rudely, especially an order. As a verb and in reference to dogs or guns, to bark means ‘to make a barking sound,’ and also ‘to say something rudely or harshly.’
 But did you know that although bark is the term for all the short, sharp sounds dogs make, we also use a more specific term for the high-pitched barks made by some small dogs. For that we say they:
or sometimes:
Both these words can also be used as nouns.

Example sentences

I heard a bark and realized there was a dog in the house.
Helen tried to hold back her laughter, but a bark escaped her.
The bark of the gun frightened the birds and they flew out of the trees.
The teacher’s bark soon put a stop to the students’ bad behavior.
My neighbor has eight dogsand they bark all the time.
The gun barked once and the deer fell to the ground.
I don’t like my new boss; instead of talking to the staff, she just barksorders at everyone.


Multi-word forms

bark up the wrong tree: be completely mistaken about something or someone. Example: «I know you think it was me who stole your pen, but you’re barking up the wrong tree! It was Dan.»
their bark is worse than their bite: said of someone who seems harsh on the surface, but is not as bad as you think. Example: «Don’t worry if the boss shouts at you; his bark is worse than his bite. He won’t actually fire you for such a small mistake.»
bark at the moon: protest about something without having any effect. Example: «You can complain about the new highway all you like, but it won’t make any difference; you’re just barking at the moon.»

Additional information

In botanics, bark is the outside covering of a trees and, as a verb, to barksomething means to ‘to rub off or scrape the skin off something, as by bumping into something.’ So, for example, if you walk into a low table and graze your knees, you can say that you barked your knees on the coffee table.


Bark dates back to before 900. It comes from the Middle English word berkenand the Old English word beorcan; it is related to the Old English word borcian,meaning ‘to bark,’ the Old Norse word berkja, ‘to bluster,’ the Lithuanian wordburgė́ti, meaning ‘to growl’ or ‘to quarrel,’ and the Serbo-Croatian word br̀gljati,meaning ‘to murmur.’

Thanks to WordReference, see more information here.

English interjections:Push off!

Push off!


Push off is  a informal way, in UK,  of telling someone to go away.

Example: «I’m trying to work and you keep distracting me! Push off!»

And… Push

Full length side view of businesswoman pushing broken down car at countryside

Full length side view of businesswoman pushing broken down car at countryside

– To push means ‘to move something or someone away from yourself using force.’
– It is also used figuratively meaning ‘to urge someone to do something’ or ‘to      promote or demand something with energy.’
– Informally, to push means ‘to sell drugs.’
– As a noun, a push is the act of pushing, a strong and determined effort to achieve  something, or a military attack.


Example sentences
The father pushed his child on the swing.
My husband always pushes me to follow my dreams.
The politician really pushed her proposal for the new law.
Some addicts end up pushing to pay for their drugs.
Bill gave the door a push and it swung open.
I know you’ve all worked really hard and you’re tired, but if we make one last push we can get the project finished by the end of the month!
The general ordered a massive push for the following day.

Multi-word forms

Push someone around: try to make someone do what you want. Example: «I know he’s your boss, but he shouldn’t talk to you like that! Don’t let him push you around.»
Push something through: get approval for something. Example: «The government is trying to push through new security measures.»
At a push (UK): just about, if you really have to. Example: «I’m very busy at the moment, so I can’t do this work until Friday. At a push, I might manage to do it on Thursday, if you really can’t wait.»
When push comes to shove, if push comes to shove: when you are forced to take action. Example: «My brother and I don’t always get along, but when I lost my job last year, he really helped me out. I guess that when push comes to shove, he does really care about me.»

Did you know?

A word related to push is pushover, which is an informal term for someone who always gives in to what others want. For example, if a parent tries to send the kids to bed, but the kids beg to be allowed to stay up and the parent gives in, you could call that person a pushover.

Other forms

pusher (noun)


Push dates back to the second half of the 13th century and comes form the Latin word pulsāre (see pulsate), the Middle French word pousser, the Old French wordpo(u)lser, and the Middle English word pushen, poshen, or posson.

See full definition

Thanks to Wordreference dictionary for its section Word of the day.