Hoy he tenido que estudiar una lista bastante larga de marcadores del discurso, adverbios y locuciones adverbiales de la lengua inglesa. Escribirlas aquí me ayuda a retenerlas mejor, además de organizarlas (no quisierais ver ahora mismo el estado de la fotocopia donde las he ido marcando y estudiando) y compartirlas, por supuesto.

  • Talking of                                         Hablando de…

    To change the direction of the conversation, but making link with what has just been said:

    Talking of Henry, did he get the job he applied for?

  • By the way / Incidentaly              A propósito / por cierto

    To  change the subject of the conversation completely: 

    So let’s meet at five o’clock then. By the way, could you possibly lend me some money until the weekend? 

  • Actually / In fact /                         En realidad / de hecho /

    As a matter of fact                          por otra parte 

    To introduce additional surprising or unexpected information:

    Did you see the match last night? No, I didn’t. Actually I don’t really like football.

  • In any case / Anyway                    En cualquier caso / en todo caso

    To introduce the  idea that what you said before is less important than what you are going to say:

    We didn’t go away at the weekend, to much work. Anyway the weather was awful.

  • At least                                              Al menos / por lo menos

    To introduce a positive point after some negative information:

    It was a bad accident. At least nobody was killed, though.

  • As I was saying                               Como iba diciendo / como decía

    To return to a previous subject:

    As I was saying, if Mark gets the job we’ll have to reorganize the department.

  • On the whole                                  En general / en términos generales

    To generalize:

    On the whole, I think that women make better journalists.

  • All in all                                           En conjunto

    To say you are taking everything into consideration:

    I like both flats, but all in all, I think I prefer the one next to the school.

  • After all                                           Después de todo / al fin y al cabo

    To introduce a strong argument that the other person may not have taken into consideration:

    I think we shoild buy them. After all, we’ll never find them anywhere cheaper than this.

  • Besides                                             Además

    To add additional information:

    I won’t come to Nick’s party. It will finish very late. Besides, I won’t know many people there.

  • Basically                                         Básicamente / esencialmente

    To introduce the most important or fundamental point:

    Basically, my job involves computer skills.

  • Obviously                                       Obviamente / evidentemente

    To introduce a fact that is very clear to see or understand:

    Obviously you can’t get a real idea of life in Japan unless you can speak the language.

  • I mean                                             Quiero decir

    To make things clearer or give more details:

    She’s very selfish. I mean, she never thinks about other people at all.

  • In other words                               En otras palabras / por tanto

    To say something again in another way:

    A lot of people booed, and some people even left early. In other words, it was a complete disaster.

  • Otherwise                                        De otra manera / si no / por lo demás

    To say what the result would be if something did not happen:

    Please try not to make a mess when you make the cake. Otherwise I’m going to have to clean the kitchen again.

  • As far as —– is concerned /          Respecto a — /

    as regards —-/ regarding —–        por lo que respecta a —

    To introduce a new topic or to announce a change of subject:

    That’s  all you need to know about the travel arrangements. As far as accommodation is concerned / Regarding accommodation, the options are living with a family or living in a hall of residence.

  • That is to say                                     Es decir

    To introduce an explanation or clarification:

    The goverment are going to help first-time buyers. That is to say, they are goinf to make mortgages more easily available.

  • On (the) one hand — on (the) other hand   Por un lado — por otro lado

    To balance contrasting facts:

    On (the) one hand more young people today carry knives. On (the) other hand the total number of violent crimes has dropped.



  1. Pingback: DISCOURSE MARKERS/ ADVERBS/ ADVERBIAL EXPRESSIONS (II) | "Found" in translation...y algo más


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