Hoy he tenido que estudiar una lista bastante larga de marcadores del discurso, adverbios y locuciones adverbiales de la lengua inglesa. Escribirlas aquí me ayuda a retenerlas mejor, además de organizarlas (no quisierais ver ahora mismo el estado de la fotocopia donde las he ido marcando y estudiando) y compartirlas, por supuesto.
Talking of Hablando de…
To change the direction of the conversation, but making link with what has just been said:
Talking of Henry, did he get the job he applied for?
By the way / Incidentaly A propósito / por cierto
To change the subject of the conversation completely:
So let’s meet at five o’clock then. By the way, could you possibly lend me some money until the weekend?
Actually / In fact / En realidad / de hecho /
As a matter of fact por otra parte
To introduce additional surprising or unexpected information:
Did you see the match last night? No, I didn’t. Actually I don’t really like football.
In any case / Anyway En cualquier caso / en todo caso
To introduce the idea that what you said before is less important than what you are going to say:
We didn’t go away at the weekend, to much work. Anyway the weather was awful.
At least Al menos / por lo menos
To introduce a positive point after some negative information:
It was a bad accident. At least nobody was killed, though.
As I was saying Como iba diciendo / como decía
To return to a previous subject:
As I was saying, if Mark gets the job we’ll have to reorganize the department.
On the whole En general / en términos generales
On the whole, I think that women make better journalists.
All in all En conjunto
To say you are taking everything into consideration:
I like both flats, but all in all, I think I prefer the one next to the school.
After all Después de todo / al fin y al cabo
To introduce a strong argument that the other person may not have taken into consideration:
I think we shoild buy them. After all, we’ll never find them anywhere cheaper than this.
To add additional information:
I won’t come to Nick’s party. It will finish very late. Besides, I won’t know many people there.
Basically Básicamente / esencialmente
To introduce the most important or fundamental point:
Basically, my job involves computer skills.
Obviously Obviamente / evidentemente
To introduce a fact that is very clear to see or understand:
Obviously you can’t get a real idea of life in Japan unless you can speak the language.
I mean Quiero decir
To make things clearer or give more details:
She’s very selfish. I mean, she never thinks about other people at all.
In other words En otras palabras / por tanto
To say something again in another way:
A lot of people booed, and some people even left early. In other words, it was a complete disaster.
Otherwise De otra manera / si no / por lo demás
To say what the result would be if something did not happen:
Please try not to make a mess when you make the cake. Otherwise I’m going to have to clean the kitchen again.
As far as —– is concerned / Respecto a — /
as regards —-/ regarding —– por lo que respecta a —
To introduce a new topic or to announce a change of subject:
That’s all you need to know about the travel arrangements. As far as accommodation is concerned / Regarding accommodation, the options are living with a family or living in a hall of residence.
That is to say Es decir
To introduce an explanation or clarification:
The goverment are going to help first-time buyers. That is to say, they are goinf to make mortgages more easily available.
On (the) one hand — on (the) other hand Por un lado — por otro lado
To balance contrasting facts:
On (the) one hand more young people today carry knives. On (the) other hand the total number of violent crimes has dropped.